In Nigeria, the need for the advancement of indigenous pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) in order to enhance Development and commercialization of pharmaceutical raw materials, drugs and biological products has long been recognized.
Therefore in 1987, the federal Government approved the establishment of the National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD) as a parastatal under the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology. This approval was based on the recommendation of the pharmaceutical society of Nigeria (PSN).
The Institute was established under the Science and Technology Act of 1980 with the primary objective of developing drugs, biological products and pharmaceutical raw materials from indigenous resources.
To build a Centre of Excellence in research and development of phytomedicines, pharmaceutical and biological products, drugs and diagnostics towards improving the health and well-being of mankind.
To apply appropriate modern science and technological resources to stimulate local production of drugs through effective collaboration with the industry and experts within and outside Nigeria;
Develop herbal and phytomedicines to pilot state of commercialization;
Develop quality standards for phytomedicine;
Drugs and diagnostics for the purpose of control and regulation;
Provide quality assurance services on all drugs used in healthcare delivery;
Provide safety data and essential information on herbal and other towards achieving self-sufficiency in the production and control of essential drugs in such a way that would guarantee the overall health of Nigerians and mankind in general.
The Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria (PSN) and the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Group of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (PMG-MAN) made financial contributions toward the take-off of the Institute. A Board of Governors governs the Institute with representations from the PSN, PMG-MAN, Traditional Medicine Practitioners, Federal Ministry of Health (FMH) and Federal Ministry of Science and Technology (FMST) while the Chief Executive serves as member and Secretary to the Board.
The first major activity of the Institute was the organization of an International Workshop on “Strategies and Priorities for Indigenous Pharmaceutical Research and Development” in October 1989. The proceedings of the workshop were published in 1991. In 1990, the Institute embarked on the documentation of medicinal and aromatic plants within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The data accumulated during the enthnobotanical survey are being compiled into a National compendium of medicinal and aromatic plants in Nigeria.